Criminal Justice is a broad, inclusive discipline that draws upon psychology, sociology, law and public administration, and human services...

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Criminal Justice is a broad, inclusive discipline that draws upon psychology, sociology, law and public administration, and human services. The system has five pillars which function together as a chain of links.:

  • The Community
  • The Law Enforcement
  • The Prosecution
  • The Court
  • Corrections

Criminal justice is the system of practices and institutions of society and governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. The primary goals of the criminal justice system are to:

  • Accurate identity of the ones responsible for the offender
  • Ensure fair adjudication
  • Ensure justice is served
  • Deter future crimes
  • Rehabilitate offenders
  • Restore

Why Study Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice prepares graduates for a rewarding, impactful career with community safety at heart. Because it is so multi-disciplinary, there is a wide range of opportunities for graduates, whether it be in policing, law, corrections, or community development. The development of critical thinking and problem-solving skills, along with program knowledge assist communities, organizations, and government in finding solutions to the crime and violence.

Criminal Justice at Galen

The Criminal Justice (CRJT) program at Galen is the only program of its kind in Belize. It surveys the contemporary criminal justice system in Belize while comparing and contrasting it with the various systems around the world – from the US to the UK and beyond. Students examine phases of the criminal justice system beginning with crime detection by police, to the handling of the case through the courts, and finally, to the disposition and sentencing of offenders. Issues and characteristics of each phase (police, courts, and corrections) are examined along with identifying the key actors involved at each stage (police, judges, prosecutors, correctional officers, etc.). As such, judges, police administrators, lawyers, correction officers and human service officers teach within the Galen’s Crminal Justice program.

A unique component of Galen’s Criminal Justice program is our focus on restorative justice. Restorative Justice is a community-based approach to creating, repairing and restoring relationships. It comprises of a growing social justice movement to
institutionalize peaceful approaches to harm, problem-solving and violations of legal and human rights. It exposed students to efforts of prevention, community and family involvement, as well as alternatives in corrections.
Using a Restorative Justice approach and promoting active learning, Galen seeks to develop its students intellectually and ethically, while providing them with a keen appreciation for the complexities of crime, and public and private efforts to make communities safer and ensure justice. In addition to the inclusion of Restorative Justice, Galen also includes Community and Social Justice services in its program. While not often considered to be oriented to criminal justice, Galen’s program acknowledges the importance of community.

To assist students in their career choices, they can choose from an internship or a research thesis. The research thesis helps students develop their research interests and prepares them for continuing their academic career. The internship helps students identify their career goals. Students choose from the Belize Central Prison, the Supreme Court of Belize or the Police Department.

Sample Course from the Criminal Justice Program

  • Courses that students will take within our program include:
  • Ethics and Family Community Systems
  • Trends in Corrections
  • Criminal Law
  • Restorative Justice
  • Police Administration
  • Race, Ethnicity & Gender Issues
  • Mental Health and Addictions
  • Economics of Crime
  • Guns, Gangs and Urban Violence

Career Opportunities

Many of our graduates are employed at various agencies around Belize including:

  • Belize Police Department
  • Immigration Department
  • Customs Department
  • Belize Defence Force
  • Prosecutor’s Office

There are numerous other employment opportunities that anthropology graduates can pursue such as:

  • Consultant
  • Community-based NGOs
  • Public Health
  • Corrections – Belize Central Prison
  • Ministry of Human Development

Criminal Justice is a broad, inclusive discipline that draws upon psychology, sociology, law and public administration, and human services...